In today’s complex and volatile world the consequences of relying on fraudulent and counterfeit Hadith to legitimise extremist behaviour, issue. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. Remember me, or Register. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. JB Yusuf. Abstract. No Abstract. readers into further exploration of the original. Dr. Israr Ahmad Khan’s Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the. Criteria was published in complete form in

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Allah will forgive them for their sins, which he will place on Jews and Christians. The author then lists well-known commentators on al-Bukhari’s work including al-Tibi, al-Kirmani, Ibn Hajar, al-Ayni d. This is done in citing other scholars: There should be perfect harmony between the two. In fact he quotes a Hadith of the Prophet himself to support this position: The author criterix on to discuss three scholars who have, to varying extents, taken the text of Hadith into account when considering authenticity.

This would have provided effective background to situate the current argument. According redefininb al-Juwayni, if one swears on the pains of divorce that criheria that is in Bukhari and Muslim is sound, his marriage would be safe. References to problems contained in the texts of some of the traditions recorded in authentic Hadith works, including al-Bukhari and Muslim, have been made in places.

Assume we have the following: Furthermore, if a survey were to be conducted redefjning Prophetic traditions very popular among Muslims today, the findings may be shocking, for in religious circles a great number of such traditions are being narrated, interpreted, and practised as if genuine when in reality they are little more than the remainders of fabricated Prophetic traditions.

Authentication of Hadith Redefining the Criteria

Out of seven report narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar five traditions inform us of the daily deduction critera two carats Qiratan from the deeds of one who keeps a dog as a pet without any genuine purpose, but two of them refer to the deduction of only one single carat Qirat. Yet, his systematic analysis of the other aspects of the report is very enlightening and contributes reasonably to hadith textual critical analysis. Nonetheless, Khan must be commended for daringly sailing through the deep waters of an important religious matter in a thought provoking manner.

For instance, someone harbouring an antagonistic approach to the Quran or the Sunnah cannot be expected to do justice to their elucidation, despite any intellectual ability.

Normally only one of those would display depending upon your screen redefininng. The great significance that these traditions have for Muslim understanding of human responsibility cannot be underestimated, and seen in this context the chapter and traditions contained therein need careful examination.


The punctuation of names in the endnotes and bibliography, however, needs serious revision. Khan cites three books from the latter in which he only cites a name in the first one while in the other he substitutes the name with a line indicating that they were all by the same author p. The Prophet carried out his mission for a period of over two decades before its eventual accomplishment. Khan also merely explains some of the traditions e.

Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria | Yusuf | Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies

The author then proceeds to explain how Muslim scholars went about identifying fabricated traditions and the work done to document the chains of transmission, and to assess the authenticity of the narrators. The linguistic clarity of the book makes it useful for authenhication hadith criticism, but its advanced technical reasoning makes it a valuable material for post graduate Hadith studies.

Although adhered to, it was also unfortunately betrayed by those who sought to gain for themselves many known and unknown advantages. Al-Jami al-Sahih has exerted great influence on the Muslim mind, and the work is widely read and referred to throughout the Muslim world as a source of Islamic law. In the case of note no. Given the issues raised and the force of logic brought to bear, it would be hard for anyone to digest and accept them, albeit recorded by great Hadith scholars, as authentic.

He places commas as he deems fit. As shown earlier, his attempt to effect a compromise between the two apparently contradictory ideas fails entirely, making it crystal clear that there exists an uncompromising conflict between what the Quran states and what the traditions convey.

Some might suggest the total rejection of the report on the one hand based on it being replete with internal defectsand designating it as strange shadhdh on the other because of other more authentic versions.

Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies

He goes on to discuss how these commentators have grappled with the crkteria of these 27 traditions, stating that the methodologies followed by all of them are very similar: Those who make indiscriminate selection from Hadith for practical purposes. Authenticity, Compilation, Classification and Criticism of Hadith” by Mohammad Hashim Kamali, authntication of the effort on Hadith authentication has traditionally been spent on the chain of transmission the isnad with relatively little emphasis on considering the text of the Hadith.

Al-Bukhari is believed to have been scrupulous in ascertaining the reliability of the sanad of his selected traditions leaving no gap. Concluding comments From an Islamic perspective, it is difficult to exaggerate the significance of the authentication of Hadith.

Furthermore, the character and integrity of individuals A – E would be considered and people who were bad Muslims, known liars or persons known to have faulty memories would be regarded as unreliable transmitters. This evokes the question of what citation style he used.


With indubitable evidence, Khan indicates that many traditions were not reported in the actual diction of the prophet redefiniing in terms of the message. As I felt somewhat dissatisfied with the interpretations made by the great scholars I began more serious research redfeining the authenticity of Hadith from the point of view of its text.

The author lists the five criteria applied to the chain of narrators when assessing the authenticity of a Hadith:.

If fabrications are accepted as authentic guidance from the Prophet, it is easy for Muslims to be led astray.

The second category is criticised particularly criteriw. The book critically examines the thorny issue of Hadith authentication and scrutinizes, by dint of critical scholarship, the standard adopted by the major compilers of hadith for judging the validity of traditions.

For example, in his chapter on al-Musaqat sharecropping Muslim has recorded fifteen traditions on the spiritual loss that the domestication of dogs may bring, seven on the authority of Abd Allah ibn Umar and the remaining eight on the authority of Abu Hurayrah Muslim: The book is quite short and easy to read, being less than pages, with just eight chapters after the Foreword and Introduction:.

Ot author reminds us just how much of an industry there was in the fabrication of Hadith and enumerates eight particular causal factors which are elaborated upon in the text:.

Supporting this claim, he quotes various scholars like: In case of similarity in both the descriptions reported and crtieria historical event, the report is to be declared as reliable.

Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria – IIIT

In his opinion any tradition in the name of the Prophet which clashed with the Quran was to be rejected as false.

As such this is one of the main factors behind Muslim backwardness and decline in virtually every field of life including the religious and spiritual. Join my email list. This is why only one of them can be accepted as right.

Click here to sign up. The author also mentions how a number of other scholars have dealt with this point. The author goes on to give a number of examples where leading Muslims from the early generations rejected purported traditions because they contradicted other more reliable traditions.

According to Ibn Al-Qayyim reports consisting of exaggeration in reward and punishment are evidently unreliable. Redefinihg first of these is quoted as follows: