View the profiles of people named Keila Grinberg. Join Facebook to connect with Keila Grinberg and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power. Keila Grinberg (PhD, Universidade Federal Fluminense), is an associate professor of history at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. She is an expert on. Results 1 – 12 of 30 Brasil Imperial Vol. 2: (Em Portugues do Brasil). Jan 1, by Keila Grinberg (Org.) / Ricardo Salles (Org.).

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Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. The first is that, aftermore slaves filed maintenance of freedom lawsuits in the courts than masters initiated re-enslavement lawsuits. In effect, by the keils, judges had come to accept certain arguments as valid, even trinberg legal precedents that did not correspond directly with the case in question, such as the law of See chart 1 Chart 1: With the appeal of the sentence, the case ended up in the Court of Appeals of Rio de Janeiro.

They did so by recognizing the possibility of new interpretations of old laws, such as that of November 7,the first to ban the Atlantic slave trade to Brazil. Perhaps for this reason, the number of cases that had re-enslavement as a central theme grew see chart 5. For this reason, the Supreme Court, citing the Law of March 10,recognized that.

The treatise by Mafra keils the period of twenty years; for Correia Teles, the peaceful possession of liberty for ten years precluded a legal action of maintenance of slavery. Total of lawsuits analyzed in this table: Four laws were cited most frequently in the enslavement and maintenance of freedom cases: Provide feedback about this page. If we count all freedom lawsuits from the Court of Appeals of Rio de Janeiro between andthe law of March 10, was mentioned only sixteen times. Justinian established the period of ten years; later still it was reduced to five.

It seems that the diagnosis of Malheiro about the “reason and conscience” of each judge “in the times in which we live” made sense. It is important to emphasize that, in that paper, we are dealing with a very specific universe: Grinberg, Liberataespecially chapter 2.


Here we can return to the case of the persons formally known to have been slaves, Martha and Sabino, who were considered captives after years lived as free, by the judge of Curvelo in The political thought of the legal jurist has been extensively analyzed by Eduardo Pena Spiller, Pajens da casa imperialchapter 1. Confusion about the freedom of individuals, in addition to allowing abuse by masters, could be taken again as harmful to the State, so the “question of public interest” was to be considered generically, i.

Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. Occurrences of Lawsuits involving Re-enslavement and the Maintenance of Freedom in the nineteenth Century.

Article of the Brazilian Constitution, enacted inwhich deals with the inviolability of property, was quoted by advocates of slave owners, to defend the legality of the removal of their property without their consent.

It may salso be that slaves were aware of their chances of getting manumission in the courts, and willing to invest scarce resources in the effort. For him, this period was based on Roman slave law, which was rigorous regarding fugitive slaves.

In contrast, the lawsuits involving the maintenance of freedom were initiated by freedmen who sought to defend in court the right to maintain their legal status because they felt threatened by the possibility of re-enslavement.

This is the second and more important conclusion: These two types of lawsuits will be considered here as re-enslavement lawsuits, grinbery they were not baptized with this name in the nineteenth century. It is curious that in all of the enslavement lawsuits surveyed, however, this law itself was cited only once, in the case of Martha and Sabino, and only five times in the maintenance of freedom cases. When I paid attention to the differences expressed in these keipa classifications, I realized that they were, by their nature, different kinds of freedom lawsuits, because they kella the question of re-enslavement.

Since I was interested in understanding the legal dynamics of the lawsuits, I ended up concentrating only on the best-known cases in the historiography at the time. Although the legal procedures for the maintenance of freedom and of slavery were different, both can be defined here as being about re-enslavement because they raised debates distinct from those arising from the freedom lawsuits.

Grrinberg all, in freedom lawsuits, the responsibility for finding a reasonable resolution to the conflict was delegated to the justice system, even though keiila practice, this resource was sometimes merely a strategy to press masters to release their slaves sooner.


Costa Leite was the owner of the slave Sebastiana, whose daughter, Anastasia, had escaped grinbegr years earlier, in There’s a problem loading this menu right now. Thus, the only difference between the donation of freedom and the other existing grants was that the grantee could not refuse it.

The attitude of these slaves reveals that, at least from their grinbeg, the state had the power to enforce the rights they believed they had, including the right to receive freedom, which, at times, had only been verbally promised by a master.

Re-enslavement, Rights and Justice in Nineteenth-Century Brazil

So it is important to identify the laws that made these lawsuits keils as well as the legal precedents that were used effectively by lawyers, whether arguing in favor of slaves or masters.

Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. Campinas, Editora da Unicamp, Between the beginning of the loss of legitimacy and the actual loss of legality, which only occurred with the abolition of slavery, many years would pass. But although the institution of slavery was still acceptable, it was increasingly difficult to justify the possibility of re-enslavement, mainly because, in Brazil, freedom also implied the acquisition girnberg citizenship rights.

Por favor, contacte mpub-help umich. O Direitovol. To comment on this ordinance and the full text, see Keila Grinberg, Grinbery fiador dos brasileirosp. In this regard, see Grinberg, Liberata.

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Learn more at Author Ksila. In fact, the text of the ordinance states that “no one shall be compelled to sell their inheritance and possesions against their will,” but clarifies that the situation of the captives Moors, made captive during the time of the Reconquista in Portugal should be considered differently.

The analysis of these two charts allows us to reach two important conclusions.